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Which Style is Correct

Date: 02 Mar 2010 05:38:27 +0530 To: AM-GLOBAL From: "Pandit_Sudhakar" Subject: Which Style is Correct Intro to PS: This following song is unique in its own special way. Here Baba, in disguised fashion, is talking to the devotee and asking him various questions. "Caran'e a'j kiser dvidha', shayan keno ka'nt'a'-bhara'..." (PS 627) Purport: O' devotee, for whom are you deeply yearning and longing for? In this state of dilemma, even your walking has gotten affected. In these late hours of midnight, you do not have sleep in your eyes-- just you remain crying on the bed in someone's longing. It is as though your bed is filled with thorns, one sleepless night after another. In whose love do you have such intoxication; why are your eyes showering tears. The One whom you love, has He forgotten you? Is that why you are crying in longing. Because of this, all these devotional feelings have saturated in your heart, is that why you are sleepless. O' sadhaka, your situation is like one person who is floating in tears due to the loss of the most precious jewel of his heart. You should understand that in love these feelings are quite natural. Go on serving and immerse yourself completely in that very work which He desires. For whom you love, go on acting according to His direction. O' devotee, in whose longing is your heart so restless, such that your eyes cannot sleep on this lonely night. To whom you love, He cannot keep Himself away-- because true love is mutual. He has to come to you...
Namaskar, The world over, people have different ways of pronouncing the same word. Yet Baba gives great emphasis on which way is actually correct, especially with respect to Sanskrit words - though certainly He has commented on the proper pronunciation of words in French, English, Hindi, Japanese, and so many other languages. Within India, there are crucial differences in the way many Sanskrit words are pronounced. This gap is greatest with respect to languages of North India vs languages of South India. The word r'si is one such word that is often contested. And in one discourse, Baba clearly tells which style of pronunciation is correct - the style of North India or that of South India. The answer to this debate is presented in this letter. Baba's unique style of discourse and the inherent beauty of the Sanskrit language are all discussed. Please read the below - get the answer to the debate - and share your thoughts.
We have all experienced how Baba's way of delivering discourses is completely unique. Here I am not referring to the manner in which His discourses often get published, but rather the way in which He gave it originally. In each discourse, Baba presents a totally new philosophy for humanity. Yet to do that He had to use established constructs, in particular language. He could not both present a new language and a new philosophy. That would make things too difficult for us. So He has used languages that were already established, including Sanskrit. With that came outdated and misunderstandings about certain words. Because our understanding, presentation, and usage of language is not perfect. Thus in nearly every discourse, Baba begins by clarifying what He means by the words - often Sanskrit ones - which He is going to discuss. In this way He would teach us the proper grammatical usage of a particular word, its pronunciation, as well as the correct definition. In was in this manner that Baba could then propound His revolutionary, neo-humanistic philosophy. Without that it would have been impossible. Thus His teachings on philology are critical to the proper understanding of His divine discourses and sublime ideology. In addition, so many of His discourses like, "The Acoustic Roots of the Indo-Aryan Alphabet", as well as His books like "Varna Vijiana", "Varna Vicitra" and the "Shabda Cayanika" series, place tremendous emphasis on the importance of language. Further proof that spelling and pronunciation are important is that He has mandated that the Roman Sam'skrta alphabet be placed in the preface of each and every AM book. Thus, everyone on the path of AM - all who sincerely wish to understand AM teachings - must pay heed to Baba's guidelines on language, grammar, and pronunciation. Yet, even many Indian Dadas indulge in wrong pronunciation of certain Sankrist words like r'si, and certainly outside of AM, the fake yoga movement has begun butchering the Sam'skrta language. Care should be taken as Baba gives great emphasis on its proper pronunciation.
Now let us come to the debate at hand. What is the proper pronunciation of the word r'si. In North India it is pronounced one way and in South India it is pronounced a second way. Which one is correct. In North India, Devanagari script is used to write Sanskrit, and most often the word is correctly written as r'si, yet when translated into English it is often written as rishi, and although it is written correctly in Devanagari script, North Indians generally pronounce r'si as the way in which they write it in English, rishi or really ris'i. They pronounce the r as in the English words "rim" or "riddle", and that is not correct. In South India, the Tamil script is often used to write Sanskrit, and when South Indians speak the word r'si they often say it as rus'i. In that case, the South Indians pronounce the r as in the English word, "rule", and that is not correct. According to Baba, neither the North Indian style is correct nor the South Indian style. Both are wrong. The irony is that both think that they are correct and the other is wrong. But, according to Baba, neither are correct.
For the proper pronunciation of the word r'si, please listen to the newly posted sound file on the AM-GLOBAL blog. In that file, Baba points out the defects of both the North and South Indian pronunciation styles, and gives the proper way. Anyone can listen and get the correct answer. There is also an English translation of the sound file for everyone's ease and convenience. Although Baba's sound file is in Hindi, He does employ a number of English words so non-Hindi speakers can get the sense by listening to the sound file. And most importantly, on that sound file, Baba gives the correct pronunciation of r'si. And that is of interest to all - so everyone should listen.
The pronunciation of a word is of course related with its sound. And in discourses like, "The Acoustic Roots of the Indo-Aryan Alphabet", Baba talks of the great import of sound - both with regards to language and the development of the human mind. Here Baba speaks in particular about how sound comes to be expressed by human beings. Baba says, "Every vibration in this universe has colour and sound. Every vibration also represents a particular idea, and hence each idea has a vibrational sound and vibrational colour....To externalize an idea one has to apply physical energy (philosophically, this energy is called indra). We can call this stage the first expression of the sound tanma'tra...The vocal cord lies in the area of the vishuddha cakra. It is the organ responsible for transforming abstract idea into vocal expression...Even after an idea gets metamorphosed into language, if there is the slightest defect in the uvula, vocal expression will be disturbed." (APH-8) Note: "The uvula is the conic projection from the posterior edge of the middle of the soft palate,The uvula plays a key role in the articulation of the sound of the human voice to form the sounds of speech." (Wikipedia) Furthermore, in that discourse, Baba gives proof how sounds are linked to different human vrttis, or propensities of mind. And there are so many other significant revelations Baba makes in that discourse about words, pronunciation and mind. It is a long discourse filled with interesting points. We should all review this discourse regularly. Suffice to say then that the sound or correct pronunciation of a word is very important. This obviously also applies to the pronunciation of the mantras used in our sadhana practice. So we should all learn the proper pronunciation of the word r'si as well as all the Sam'skrta words. By learning where to place the tongue and how to angle it, one can speak Sam'skrit correctly. No one should get discouraged and give up the hope that they can do it. Irregardless of where one was born, everyone can learn the correct style of pronunciation of Sam'skrta.
In our Ananda Marga, Sanskrit is used to propound our neo-humanistic philosophy. Plus we use Sanskrit for all our names. Baba has also given the idea that Sam'skrta is composed of very sweet sounds so people enjoy hearing the Sam'skrta language. It creates a pleasant vibration in the mind. All Indians use Sanskrit irregardless of which religion they follow even Indians who are Christian. And now - with the immense popularity of yoga - we are witnessing how around the globe Sanskrit is getting more and more popular. So we should refine our understanding of this beautiful and ancient language as it has great bearing on our modern world. Baba says, "India is one and indivisible...Let Sam'skrta be the national language, as this will provide equal opportunity to all." (PNS-17) Baba says "If Sam'skrta is used human unity will be encouraged and human beings will move closer together... So you should encourage the study of Sam'skrta." (PNS-17)
By Baba's grace He has given us all the teachings needed to create a healthy human society. Nothing has been forgotten or overlooked - not even the style of pronunciation of certain words. Till now we often think we know the right way or pronunciation - but often we are off the mark. Such is the case with both North and South Indians with respect to the word, r'si. Now, by Baba's grace we can all learn the proper pronunciation and use of r'si, as well as the entire Sanskrit language. This will help unite our human family. Namaskar, Sudhakar
*************************************************** PROPER THINKING
Baba says, "Sadhakas should always maintain the spirit of prapatti (surrender) and they will never develop any sort of pride in their minds...'Whatever qualities I possess is all due to the His grace. Parama Purusa is the Lord of everything; He is the machineman and I am simply a machine'." (31/05/87, AN-DMC)

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